The ‘Make in India’ campaign was launched to bring the manufacturing sector at par with global recognition in order to boost the Indian economy, aiming to become the fifth largest manufacturing country in the world by the end of 2020. Revolutionary changes in the ongoing manufacturing practices have to be adopted, concurrent to Industry 4.0 requirements, in order to meet the prerequisites for digitalisation. In this context, various steps need to be undertaken to promote business-friendly ecosystems, wherein National Policy on Electronics 2019 has been initiated to provide best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure.
Industry 4.0 or the Internet of Things (IoT) era will focus on manufacturing systems capable of proposing smart solutions, considering real-time communication channel between the sensors themselves and with humans as well. The need for talent and expertise vis-à-vis. lack of investment is closely associated. Most organisations are still not confident enough about implementing IoT, which usually every new technology faces initially. However, the resultant effects of IoT can be realised once the same is utilised for the entire system, which requires competent professionals. Any ideal IoT system demands least human interference along with user-friendly interface for non-experts, which is rarely seen in practice. Skilled professionals with technical know-how involve huge financial constraints and people fearing investments don’t adhere to innovative technology, hence defeating the purpose of introduction to IoT in the manufacturing set up. However, few success stories may pose confidence in the medium scale organisations about their return on investment.
Cybersecurity also emerges to be a critical concern affecting the very fundamental principle for deployment of IoT techniques, since the data based on which decisions are taken gets vulnerable. Additionally, it becomes difficult to manage different devices across the entire network, unless the issue of cybersecurity is properly addressed. However, Internet Protocol for smart objects alliance has been established to assemble parts for IoT with an aim to cater to the needs for uniformity in the technical domain. Further research on different cryptographic methods is required to provide a comprehensive security framework for the system. Moreover, the present day adopted procedures for updating the hardware and software have a further scope of preventing malicious installation. But the problem does not end here – the financial constraints and lack of skilled professionals severely influence the desired progress. Hence, it is important to invest in secure and reliable systems with due efforts from researchers and industry professionals in order to maintain integrity for successful implementation of IoT.
Last but not the least, we have to move fast for clarity of the declared policies for developmental pace and clear the infrastructural bottlenecks. Efforts are needed to bridge the poor connectivity issues and prepare the concerned stakeholders to incorporate the desired changes in day-to-day operations in order to push the Digital India campaign. With digitisation, the processes will become more transparent and people-friendly, as participation of the common man is getting momentum. It is anticipated that with the successful implementation of the campaign, it will facilitate the transformation from the ‘Make in India’ to the ‘Made in India’ label, empowering the nation.