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TITANIUM MACHINING Alcoa conquers the complexities of titanium machining

Mar 26, 2019

Alcoa expanded its reach into the world’s fastest-growing aerospace metal - titanium - and added advanced technologies and materials capabilities for greater innovation power in aerospace and beyond, with the help of Makino’s 5-axis titanium machining centre.

Remaining a leader in the titanium aerospace market requires continuous improvement to meet customer demands for service, quality, delivery and cost. For manufacturers to thrive in this market, it is critical for them to steadfastly pursue the best people, processes and technologies. Careful management and integration of these attributes is the key to securing a long-term position within OEM supply chains.

“Aircraft OEMs are looking for ways to simplify their supply chain. They want to work with high-performing, vertically integrated suppliers. Our combination of materials expertise and advanced manufacturing capabilities positions us to succeed in meeting those demands,” said Christian Ouimet, Managing Director of Alcoa’s facility in Laval, Quebec, Canada. A global leader in lightweight metals technology, engineering and manufacturing, Alcoa innovates multi - material solutions that advance the world. The company purchased the Laval manufacturing facility in 2015 as part of its acquisition of RTI International Metals.

With RTI, Alcoa expanded its reach into titanium — the world’s fastest-growing aerospace metal — and added advanced technologies and materials capabilities for greater innovation power in aerospace and beyond. High-velocity machining at the Laval facility is one example of how Alcoa’s downstream manufacturing processes enable Alcoa’s businesses to produce some of the largest, most complex and finished aerospace components, without having to outsource any part of the process. And that makes customers’ lives simpler and saves costs.

Established leadership in titanium machining

The Laval facility is part of the company’s Alcoa Titanium & Engineered Products (ATEP) business unit, which supplies advanced titanium and other specialty metals, products and services to the commercial aerospace, defense, and oil and gas markets. Alcoa’s aerospace businesses, including ATEP Laval, will form part of the value-add company, to be named Arconic, following Alcoa’s separation in the second half of 2016. Arconic will be a premier innovator of high-performance, multi-material products and solutions in attractive growth markets, including aerospace. ATEP Laval specialises in the precision machining and assembly of complex titanium aircraft components, such as, seat tracks, body chords, spars, doorframes and wing attachment components, for the likes of Airbus, Boeing and Bombardier.

Due to titanium’s unique material properties, it is widely recognised as a material that is challenging to machine costeffectively. However, ATEP Laval identified titanium-engineered products as a significant growth market. For more than a decade, the facility has been recognised as an established expert in the field. “Early machine-tool investments helped us break ground within the titanium market, but increasing customer demands for cost reductions and faster delivery soon required us to take a new approach to titanium machining,” said Ouimet. “General-purpose machine platforms were unable to provide the rigidity, flexibility or control necessary to fully optimise our processes. The Makino T-Series machines provided us with a purpose-built solution for titanium that has enabled us to reduce cycle times by more than 60% while simultaneously reducing tool costs by 30% or more.”

Purpose-built for titanium machining

Prior to its strategic pivot toward titanium-engineered products, the Laval facility primarily focused on the machining of large aluminium aircraft structural components. Investments in several Makino MAG-Series machines had been made to mirror the type of aluminium machining technology used by OEMs. So, when ATEP Laval began exploring titanium machining technologies, this familiarity with Makino equipment led the company to explore Makino further, in addition to several other machine suppliers.

“Around this time period, Makino was launching its first T-Series machine, the T4,” said Christian Perry, CNC programmer team leader, technical services, at ATEP Laval. “They invited us to visit their manufacturing facility in Japan to see how the machine was designed and built, which was an eye-opening experience. The cutting demonstrations featured parts similar to those we were producing, and the quality was outstanding.” T4 5-axis titanium machining centre dramatically increases titanium milling efficiency, combining lean manufacturing methods and increased metal-removal rates for today’s aerospace applications.

After returning from Japan, ATEP Laval began working with Makino to perform a series of test cuts on the T4 using two of its current production applications. Research engineers from ATEP Laval and Makino worked side by side in Makino’s Mason, Ohio, facility to optimise processing methods and explore the features of the machine. Together, they produced a stable process that was nearly three times faster than the company’s previous methods.

ATEP Laval’s selection of machine suppliers involved a close evaluation of full life-cycle costs amortised over the duration of the contract. Through test-cut results, the company determined that the T4 was the best investment to offset costs while maintaining requirements for quality and delivery. According to Christian Sauvé, Vice President & General Manager, Engineered Products, ATEP, the benefits of acquiring a machine that could improve processes and avoid any non-quality costs outweighed the burdens of the long-term investment.

“Working closely with Makino’s titanium research and development team gave us confidence in the abilities of the equipment to deliver on the promises of performance that we make to our customers. The test procedures were a good exercise in demonstrating the capabilities of the equipment and gaining a clear return on investment,” Sauvé said.

Since its initial T4 acquisition, the Laval facility has expanded its titanium machining investments with a second T4 and the smaller T2 model. The company is also currently investing in a late-2016 delivery of the first-ever T5 machine to support production of some larger titanium doorframe components.

Value-added benefits

As OEMs seek to simplify their supply chains, Alcoa is well positioned to add value to the supply chain. “ATEP is a fully integrated supplier of titanium and other specialty metals products, with the capabilities to deliver a complete solution from raw material to finished part,” said Sauvé. “Customers that are in the process of consolidating their supply chains will bring us parts from other suppliers, where they have been struggling to get parts that consistently meet quality requirements. We’ve been very successful at getting good parts right from the beginning. It’s a mix of our engineering approach, having a solid team, and investing in the right equipment to face the challenge and deliver a good product.”

ATEP Laval is one of Alcoa’s largest and most extensive machining operations. The facility shares knowledge and efficiencies with other Alcoa facilities, enhancing the company’s overall capabilities and enabling Alcoa to conquer the complexities of titanium machining on a global scale.

“A lot of manufacturers claim they can machine titanium, but to understand how titanium behaves and how to efficiently machine the material is something completely different,” said Louis Marc Pinard, Director, Strategic Planning & Business Development, ATEP Laval. “That’s where we make a difference. We work with titanium from raw material to finished part and understand the material intimately. We have a team of engineers, machinery and suppliers that we are proud to put in front of customers.”

A rich history of manufacturing excellence

Originally founded in Saint-Leonard, Quebec, Canada, as Claro Precision in 1966, ATEP Laval possesses a rich team history in the manufacturing, assembly and finishing of aerospace components. These capabilities expanded in 2004, when RTI International Metals, a leading producer of titanium mill products and fabricated metal components for the global market, acquired the company. As part of RTI, the company set forth on a strategic path to become a leader in advanced titanium and other specialty metals products and services for the commercial aerospace, defence, oil and gas, and medical products markets. The company’s success in these markets brought tremendous growth, including the construction of a new, expanded machining facility in Laval. When Alcoa acquired RTI in 2015, the acquisition expanded Alcoa’s advanced manufacturing technologies and materials capabilities for greater innovation in aerospace and beyond.

Laval is part of the company’s Alcoa Titanium & Engineered Products (ATEP) business unit. It is one of five ATEP facilities across three countries providing expertise in machining and extrusions. This combination of extrusions know-how and machining expertise has helped deliver solutions that reduce cost and lead-time for Alcoa’s customers.

Courtesy:Radical Departures magazine, Makino

Image Gallery

  • ATEP Laval’s acquisition of Makino T-Series machines has enabled the company to reduce cycle
    times by more than 60 per cent while simultaneously reducing tool costs by 30 per cent or more

  • Featured from left to right: Christian Ouimet, Managing Director of Machining and Integrated Structures Operations; Patrick Deschenes, CNC Programmer; Christian Perry, CNC Programmer Team Leader, Technical Services

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